Gastric Bypass Surgery
Bariatric surgery is a combination of medical procedures for weight loss for people suffering from obesity, commonly called overweight. Bariatric procedure is done by reducing the stomach size with the help of a gastric band. Alternately, a stomach portion is also removed by diverting the small intestine to a small pouch. This is called gastric bypass surgery. The ultimate objective of bariatric surgery lies in reducing weight through reducing stomach size.
Through bariatric surgeries, the surgeons intend to either reduce the intake of food by reducing appetite or regulate the digestive system to stop absorbing some calories or nutrients in the food.
Bariatric surgery is done as a combination to address the reason behind the excess fat rather than just clearing it. There are many types of bariatric procedures
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The global bariatric surgery is growing at a rate of 10% CAGR in next five years and this shows the increasing obesity concerns and consciousness
Gastric Bypass is done to reduce the food intake by decreasing the stomach size. With this, the food bypasses the stomach and travels straight to the small intestine. Gastric surgeons create a pouch at the top of the stomach. The smaller stomach is linked with the middle part of small intestine thus allowing the food to bypass the stomach.
Bariatric surgery is recommended internationally for obese people whose body mass index is 40, and for people with BMI of 35 but with medical conditions such as diabetes and cardiac related. Bariatric surgery is conducted after it is confirmed diet, lifestyle and exercise have not been able to reduce the weight. If faster reduction of weight is important so that the patient does not develop other complications, bariatric surgery is executed
Medical tests and past medical history
Please check with your surgeon on diet and drinking restrictions
Certain medications may be prescribed
Tobacco and liquor may have to be stopped
Admission a day advance may be needed
The patient is put on liquid diet until the normalcy of the gastrointestinal tract
This will be followed by sugar-free high protein pureed diets
Surgeon along with dieticians will suggest on the required diet restrictions depending upon the type of surgery
Due to reduction in stomach size, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sweating or diarrhea may happen. You are required to consult the doctor
Hospital stay may last for three to four days depending upon the condition
With proper care, lifestyle management, diet and exercise, weight loss can be guaranteed by more than 50 percent in two years of bariatric surgery
Also, there will be improvement on diseases and disorders related to weight, such as heart conditions, diabetes, sleep apnea, stroke, blood pressure, palpitation, restlessness and many others