Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery
Bariatric surgery is a combination of medical procedures for weight loss for people suffering from obesity. The procedure is performed by reducing the stomach size with the help of a gastric band. Alternately, portion of the stomach is removed by diverting the small intestine to a small pouch. This is called gastric bypass surgery. The ultimate objective of bariatric surgery lies in reducing weight through reducing the size of the stomach.
Through bariatric surgeries, the surgeons either reduce the intake of food by reducing appetite or regulate the digestive system to stop absorbing some calories or nutrients from the food.
Bariatric surgery is performed as a combination to address the reason behind excess. There are many types of bariatric procedures:
Gastric Bypass is performed to reduce the intake of food by decreasing the size of the stomach. With this, the food bypasses the stomach and travels straight to the small intestine. Gastric surgeons create a pouch at the top of the stomach. The smaller stomach is linked with middle part of small intestine thus allowing the food to bypass the stomach.
This is medically called sleeve gastrectomy during which the stomach size is reduced by at least 15 percent. The portion of the stomach which produces ghrelin, hunger stimulating hormone, is removed, thereby reducing the patient’s appetite permanently. This is done laparoscopically.
This reduces the size of the stomach, minimizing the intake of food. An inflatable band is placed in the upper portion of the stomach to limit the food intake.
Bariatric Surgery procedures are performed on an average for four hours or sometimes a little less, on general anaesthesia
Did you know?
Pakistani singer Adnan Sami underwent weight loss surgery and became what he is today.
The global bariatric surgery market growing at a rate of 10% CAGR and this shows the increasing obesity concerns and consciousness.
Bariatric surgery is now directly connected with the fashion and glamour industry thanks to the size zero figures for actresses and models.
Bariatric surgery is recommended internationally for obese people whose body mass index is 40, and for people with BMI of 35 but with medical conditions such as diabetes or cardiac disease. Bariatric surgery is conducted after it is confirmed that diet, lifestyle and exercise have not been able to aid weight loss. If rapid reduction of weight is important so that the patient does not develop other complications, bariatric surgery is performed.
Medical tests and past medical history
Check dietary restrictions with your surgeon
Certain medications may be prescribed
Tobacco and liquor may have to be stopped
Hospitalization a day advance may be needed
The patient is put on liquid diet until the gastrointestinal tracts returns to normalcy
This is followed by a sugar-free high protein pureed diet
Depending upon the type of surgery, your surgeon along with dieticians will suggest the required dietary restrictions
Due to reduction in stomach size, you may experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness. You are required to consult the doctor
Hospitalization may last for three to four days depending upon the condition
With adequate care, lifestyle management, diet and exercise, weight loss can be guaranteed by more than 50 percent within two years of bariatric surgery.
There will be significant reduction in weight related disorders such as heart diseases, diabetes, sleep apnea, stroke, blood pressure, palpitation, restlessness, etc.