· Eye chalazion is a small, generally painless swollen bump inside the upper or lower eyelid.
· The condition is caused due to blockage of an oil gland in the eyelid.
· Initially, it is difficult to make out that you have a chalazion eye, because there is no or very little pain.
· Gradually as the chalazion in eye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and appears red.
· This causes eyelid infection.
· If the size of the Chalazion keeps increasing, it can cause blurry vision.
· An eye chalazion is usually confused with an eye stye. Eye stye is very painful as compared to eye chalazion.
· It is advisable that you see a doctor in both the cases.
· Eye chalazion is caused due to blocked oil gland (meibomian gland) in the eyelid.
· The oil produced by this gland helps to keep the eye moistened.
· Eye chalazion is common amongst people suffering from inflammatory conditions, infections near the eye, eyelid infection and viral conjunctivitis.
· Bump-like swelling on the eyelid.
· Gradual increase redness and swelling.
· Blurred vision.
· Gradual pain in the swollen eyelid.
WHY THE NEED OF SURGERY
· Generally the eye chalazion can be treated by using antibiotic ointments and eye drops.
· Warm compresses are also used to heal and unblock the blocked oil gland.
· Injecting corticosteroids to the affected area is also an option.
· However if the eye chalazion continues to increase and doesn’t heal, then the eye doctor (ophthalmologist) will recommend to treat the chalazion in eye surgically.Chalazion surgery will be needed to suppress the bump and unblock the oil gland, which will treat the blurred vision and prevent any future eye infections.
· Ensure that the patient’s blood pressure is normal, if any imbalance then he must let the doctor know at prior.
· Pre-inform your doctor about all the pills that you are taking; these can include vitamins, hormone replacement pills, aspirin etc.
· Aspirin should not be taken one week before the operation because it is a blood-thinner and can promote unnecessary bleeding.
· Your doctor should be well aware about your past medical history.
WHAT TO EXPECT
· The eye surgeon will numb the area with a local anesthesia and will then make a small incision to drain out the contents from the swollen bump.
· Little pressure is applied so that the content from the bump-like lesion oozes out.
· The incision is usually made from under the eyelid so that there is no visibility of any scar.
· If the bump is small there is no requirement of stitches, however otherwise small fine stitches maybe done.
· The contents collected may be sent to pathology for further investigation if the eyelid infection is more or the severity of eye chalazion is high.
· Post chalazion surgery minor pain in the operated area can be encountered with the help of prescribed painkillers.
· The eye will be covered by a pad like bandage which prevents any post-operation blood leakage; this will be removed after 6-8 hours of operation.
· The patient must strictly ensure that water does not enter the eye for at least 7-10 days.
· The patient can go home after the surgery, the same day itself.
· Eye drops will be given in order to prevent any eye infection and swelling.
· If stitches are taken, they will be removed after 5-7 days of operation.
· The patient can completely resume to routine schedule after 2 days (it can be resumed after the day of the operation itself but it is advisable to not hurry and give at least a rest of 2 days.)
· Wearing contact lenses and eye make-up must be avoided for at least 8 weeks.
· If there is any reoccurrence of the chalazion in the same eye, then the removed tissue must be sent for checking of any suspicious tumor-like growth.